Costa Rica ranks 48th in Transparency International’s 2012 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) which measures perceived public sector corruption in 176 countries. Costa Rica’s score in the 2012 survey is 54 on a scale of 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).
The 2012 CPI was calculated using an improved methodology which does not allow to compare the data with previous surveys.
The countries with the lowest perceived corruption in 2012 are Denmark, Finland, New Zealand, Sweden and Singapore. Meanwhile, Myanmar, Sudan, Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia are found at the bottom of the ranking.
The CPI scores and ranks countries/territories based on how corrupt a country’s public sector is perceived to be. It is a composite index, a combination of surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions.
This year’s CPI scores were calculated with a new methodology, which means that the 2012 results are in no way comparable with those from 2011 or earlier years. However, the new methodology will make it possible to compare CPI results from different years from 2012 onwards.
On the Control of Corruptons (2010) Costa Rica has a 73% percentage rank and a score of 0.667635213.
The Control of corruption reflects perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain. This includes both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as “capture” of the state by elites and private interests. The Control of corruption is one of the six dimensions of the Worldwide Governance Indicators.
Point estimates range from about -2.5 to 2.5. Higher values correspond to better governance outcomes.
In measuring transperancy, Transperancy International ranks Costa Rica 44th of 71, with a score of 77 and a value of 177.2 in the Financial Secrecy Index (2011).
The Financial Secrecy Index identifies and ranks jurisdictions according to their level of financial secrecy and their share of the global market for offshore financial services. The index focuses on secrecy jurisdictions that have laws and systems which provide legal and financial secrecy to others elsewhere.
According to the World Bank data, Costa Rica has a Population (2010) of 4.7 million, a GDP (2010) of US$35.83 billion, an Infant Mortality Rate (per 1.000 live births – 2010) of 8.7 , a Life Expectancy (2009) of 79.07 years and a Literacy Rate (2009) of 96.1%.
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